A chain of transmission in Thailand eventually leading to mother-to-child transmission of HIV (MTCT) to an infant is demonstrated by the epidemiological surveys conducted on the HIV epidemic in Thailand from 1988 to 1997. These describe some of the sexual practices in Thai culture relating to MTCT.
In 1992, the first national survey of risk behaviour was conducted by the Programme on AIDS of the Thai Red Cross Society (TRCS) and Chulalongkorn University funded by the World Health Organization’s (WHO) global Programme on AIDS, subsequently used in advocacy with the Thai government. Of 2801 Thai men and women aged 15–49 selected by stratified random sampling nationwide, 28% of men reported having had either premarital or extramarital sex in the last year, …